Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig have found that different processes occur in the brains of classical and jazz musicians, even when playing the same piece of music. The findings, published in an article titled Musical genre-dependent behavioural and EEG signatures of action planning. A comparison between classical and jazz pianists in the academic journal NeuroImage, found differences in the brain activity of jazz and classical pianists, particularly in the way they planned movements.